Patented on Valentine’s Day in 1911 by firearms genius John Browning, the M1911 has been in continual production and use for well over a century – and for good reason – it’s an instantly recognizable classic that has improved on Browning’s original design time and time again.
In This Article:
1911 Pistol Comparison
Below is my list of the best 1911 pistols for 2022. I list the best choices in terms of value, performance, design, and cost.
Click on the name to head to the product page, read reviews and check prices or skip ahead to the list of 1911s.
|Best 80-Series: Auto-Ordinance 5″ 1911|
|Best 70-Series: Colt 1911 Series 70|
|Most Custom: Ed Brown KC9 1911|
|Best Multi-Caliber: Kimber Rapide Stainless|
|Budget Option: Rock Island Armory GI Standard|
|Best Commander Series: Ruger SR1911 Commander|
|Best Match 1911: Sig Sauer 1911 Match Elite|
|Also Great: Springfield Armory 1911|
|Also Great: Taurus 1911 Full .45 ACP|
1911 Pistol Reviews
1. Auto-Ordnance (Best GI-style 1911)
In the business of making M1911A1s for over 40 years, Auto-Ordnance has been owned by Pennsylvania-based Kahr for the last half of that and in that period has really stepped up their game.
Besides Desert Eagle- and Thompson-branded guns (both Kahr subsidiaries), as well as commemorative models, AO’s 80 Series BKO model is about the best U.S.-made GI-style 1911 on the market for the money.
2. Colt 1911 (Best 70-Series 1911)
Of course, the company that kicked the whole thing off over 100 years ago is still cranking out Mr. Browning’s classic.
Besides the $1,300 Gold Cup National Match and $1,700 M45A1 rail gun, Colt offers what they term the 1911 Classic, a 70 Series gun that comes standard with a national match barrel and is offered in choices of either .45 or 38 Super and with a blued or stainless steel finish. Best yet, the Colt 1911 Classic has an MSRP in the $800 price range.
3. Ed Brown (Most Custom)
When it comes to top-tier 1911s, Ed Brown has been making them in spades for a generation. Besides competition and carry models, they have a whole Tactical Line of which the SOCOM variant is so operator-level it will make you cry.
A rail gun that is ready for any accessory, it is also suppressor- and optics-ready right out of the box. Did we mention it comes standard with a Trijicon SOCOM RMR?
4. Kimber Rapide (Best Multi-Caliber)
Kimber, now centering their operations in a new facility in Alabama, has long been delivering a host of 1911s to the market in multiple flavors. While their Grand Raptor will turn heads, the new Cadillac of their line is the Rapide (Black Ice) series. These come standard with a DLC-coated barrel, slide lightening cuts for faster lock time, a V-cut aluminum trigger, and Tru-Glo TFX Pro day/night sights.
The best thing is that they come in 9mm, 10mm, and .45ACP.
5. Rock Island Armory (Budget Option)
Born in the U.S., the 1911 is as American as apple pie and blue jeans. However, as many of Uncle Sam’s allies inherited surplus Government models after WWII, the genie was let out of the bottle and is growing. One such country that started rolling their own, so to speak, is the Philippines, where Rock Island Armory got so good at it that they started exporting their locally made versions to the States in 1996.
Since then, they have perfected their game, making rock-bottom (see what we did) affordable 1911-style pistols in a multitude of calibers (to include their own interesting .22TCM cartridge), sizes, and finishes.
6. Ruger (Best Commander Series)
No longer content to let Colt have all the fun, in the past decade or so, other American gunmakers with household name brand recognition have jumped into the market and done it well. One of these is Ruger, whose SR1911 line is actually larger now than Colt’s and includes full-size, commander, and officer-sized models as well as those geared to target and competition use.
In the latter, Team Ruger’s champion, Doug Koenig, has been lending sage input to his own line of carefully hand-fitted SR1911 Competition Models that leave little off the table.
7. Sig Sauer (Best Match 1911)
When it comes to .45ACPs, Sig Sauer actually came to America with one as their flagship model, the original P220/BDA in 1975. The company, now centered in New Hampshire rather than Germany, has a lot of irons in the pot but still found time to enter the 1911 market in 2004.
In Sig fashion, they currently make several superb examples of the breed including Fastbacks with rounded grips, the all-black Nightmare, and the high-end Emperor Scorpion rail guns, the latter with a flat dark earth PVD finish over a stainless steel frame and slide, G10 grips, and SIGLITE night sights.
8. Springfield Armory
Illinois-based Springfield Armory started making their own forged receiver and frame 1911A1 models in 1985, introducing them in both .45 and 9mm, which was novel for the time. Now, fast forward 35 years, and Springer is still in the 1911 biz and doing a fine job of it, having supplied the Marines with updated Government models for several years.
Today, the Springfield Armory Ronin series guns, still using forged slides, are hard to beat. With a 1980s-ish throwback two-tone design of a hot salt blued forged slide with a lightweight satin Cerakote-finished forged alloy frame, they are available in both full- and commander-sized variants in either 9mm or .45.
Talking once again of imported 1911s, Brazilian-based Taurus introduced their PT-1911 models over 15 years ago and have made them in a staggering variety of calibers (including being one of the few to market a .40S&W chambered pistol), sizes, and finishes. Their stainless models are affordable and feature-rich, including Heine or Novak sights, front slide serrations, extended beavertail grip safety, skeletonized triggers, and a flat mainspring housing.
Best yet, with a large factory recently completed in Georgia, they are increasingly American made. Taurus’ competition team captain, Jessie Harrison, has of late been sweeping national titles with one of the company’s tuned 1911s.
A potted history of the 1911
Landing on the now-classic design after a 15-year gestation period that saw a dozen different semi-auto Colt pistols before it, Browning’s single-action single-stack masterpiece was a big gun.
Using a 5-inch barrel to produce a pistol some 8.5-inches overall and with a weight in the 3-pound range with a loaded 7-shot magazine, all still specs that remain roughly standard even now.
A capable revolver replacement
Built around the .45ACP, which Browning also invented, the M1911 was developed for the Army to replace a series of .38-caliber double-action revolvers which the service found wanting after a poor performance from said wheel guns during intense small-unit actions against insurgents in the Philippines.
Beating out a crowded field of more than 20 competitors from around the world, including Luger, Webley, and Savage, the Colt/Browning gun remarkably went 6,000 rounds without a single jam while the closest competitor had to be cleared 37 times during the same tests, winning over the Army trials board and sending the big .45 into standard adoption in 1911. The gun’s reliability can be in part ascribed to its lack of fasteners — the only screws on the pistols are grip screws.
Although augmented by other handguns in times of emergencies, the M1911 remained the frontline sidearm of the U.S. military until 1985, through both World Wars, the Korean War, Vietnam, and most of the Cold War.
Even at that, the Marines clung to much-modified M1911-style rail guns as late as 2020 as duty carry firearms for select units in the fleet. After all, it is a war-winner.
Important 1911 Features
1. Trigger Feel
After combat service chasing Pancho Villa across the deserts of northern Mexico, then with the Doughboys on the Western Front and the Marines in the Banana Wars, a number of improvements were ordered by the military to the basic M1911 design.
This included a decrease in the trigger width and adding a relief cut to the frame near the trigger guard for better control, swapping out the thin front sight for a thicker one for faster acquisition, then replacing the flat mainspring housing with an arched one and extending the beavertail for better ergonomics and to cut down on slide bite.
The resulting change, adopted in 1923, was the M1911A1, and today is the standard form of the pistol.
2. Commander, Officer, Government, & 2011 Variations
Further changes came to the family in 1949 when Colt introduced a more compact, slightly shorter, and lighter version of the M1911A1 dubbed the Commander, which used a 4.25-inch barrel and rowel hammer.
The weight savings came from using aluminum alloys in the frame and setting the gun up for 9mm, none of which proved extremely popular at the time. In 1970, the company ditched the alloy for steel and upped the ante back to .45ACP, which was more of a crowd-pleaser.
Today “Commander-length” M1911s are increasingly in demand, especially for those looking to carry. This is contrasted against the more full-sized original GI or “Government” 1911.
Going even smaller, in 1976 Detonics debuted their Combat Master, based on the Army’s custom chopped-down M1911 produced for issue to generals.
Using a 3.5-inch barrel and a shortened grip, which dropped capacity down to 6-rounds from the traditional 7, others caught on and soon even Colt was making “Officer” model M1911s.
Going even smaller and downgrading the caliber to .380ACP led to the Mustang series and other, more concealed carry-friendly guns that aren’t really even 1911s anymore as they are blowback action.
On the opposite side of the spectrum from getting smaller, in 1990 Para USA introduced their P-series double-stack 1911-style pistols which offered as high as an 18+1 capacity, although they filled the mitts and required a He-Man grip to fire one-handed. While Para came and went, bought and snuffed out by Remington, the double-stack 1911 concept today exists in the 2011 by STI/Staccato.
The more you know…
3. 70 Series v 80 series 1911s
In 1970, Colt introduced the MK IV M1911A1 which included a new type of bushing, termed a collet bushing, that tightened up the often notoriously sloppy “GI” style barrels and much-improved accuracy. Such guns became an instant hit on the competition circuit. Fast forward to 1983 and Colt did away with the old “70 Series” for the new and improved “80 Series” guns which added a firing pin lock and plunger arrangement to the internals of the gun.
The 80 Series was pitched as offering improved safety, especially for those who carried their M1911A1 “cocked and locked” with a round in the chamber and the hammer locked back by the manual thumb safety. On the downside, the extra workload put on the 80 Series trigger group gave what some felt was a bit of a “mush” to the trigger, and many preferred the more old-school GI trigger or the tighter 70 Series layout.
Today, most production M1911A1 style pistols run an 80 Series trigger style, with the firing pin lock, for liability reasons, although Colt has brought back the 70 Series for competition models Today, most production M1911A1 style pistols run an 80 Series trigger style, with the firing pin lock, for liability reasons, although Colt has brought back the 70 Series for competition models, albeit at competition model price points.
4. National Match Variations
Speaking of competition, Army armorers in the pits of the DCM National Match Pistol Trophy competitions in Camp Perry began applying various fixes to standard GI models as early as the 1920s to get them to run a bit better.
The list of additions and tweaks soon became well-known as civilian shooters cycled through the Matches and came in contact with these early tuned guns, with the budding competitors promptly heading to their local gunsmiths with a list of demands.
By 1932, Colt got into the game proper, offering their National Match .45 Automatic model with a “hand-honed velvet-smooth action,” select match barrel, and better Patridge-style sights.
By 1957, Colt debuted the Gold Cup National Match, their first “out of the box” competition M1911A1 with Eliason sights and hasn’t looked back. Today, many 1911 makers offer comp and race gun-oriented models while others work National Match features into their standard production guns– and will usually be happy to tell you all about it.
5. Caliber Choice
From the beginning, Mr. Browning designed the M1911 around his .45ACP cartridge, which remains the default chambering for such pistols over a century later. While the fat 230-grain round is a handful, it has the benefit of being subsonic, lending this attribute to great use in suppressed firearms.
Likewise, with today’s advances in ballistic research, better magazines such as those made by Chip McCormick or Wilson Combat, and improved throat/chamber specs gleaned from generations of hard use, the .45ACP has become reliable in most current-production M1911 models, even when using hollow-point defensive rounds
That’s not to say the M1911 only comes in .45. On the contrary, almost as soon as it was introduced, Colt started marketing it in other calibers such as .455 Eley/Webley Auto for British military contracts, and .38 Auto Rimless Smokeless, a long-cased cartridge that Browning invented a decade prior to the M1911s adoption.
Then came the Prohibition-era .38 Super, which is a spicier version of the aforementioned .38 Auto. In 1931, Colt developed the Ace, a .22LR variant with a floating chamber that almost duplicated the feel of the GI .45. Eventually, 9mm Luger and 10mm Auto were added to the menu and have since become widespread.
The final choice on caliber between four modern options– .45ACP, .38 Super, 9mm, and 10mm– is truly up to the user these days.
Why a 1911?
Other than being the only pistol that we know of with a confirmed aircraft kill (go search for Owen Baggett, you’re welcome), there are several good reasons, in our mind, to pick the 1911 over other handgun designs.
First and foremost, a 1911 can be an incredibly accurate handgun. Especially with a longer barrel to help stabilize the bullet, a full-size 1911, owing to the tight lockup of the design among other factors, can make awesome groups at close range and is capable of making aimed shots, with a lot of practice, out to 100 yards. This is impressive for a design of its age.
Second, the triggers on 1911s are some of the best triggers on any firearm right out of the box. Unless something has been done seriously wrong at the factory, a 1911 trigger is light, crisp, and breaks cleanly with a tactile reset. This makes them a joy to shoot, and also adds a lot to the accuracy equation. Training with a 1911 gives shooters a lot of good trigger habits that can carry over to other guns, so we love the trigger on the 1911 more generally for this reason.
In the original caliber of .45 ACP, the stopping power of the 1911 is something that we value in a concealed carry gun today. Yes, it has less capacity than a 9mm, and 9mm is a more than capable defensive round. But. a 1911 hollow point is certainly a great way to end a disagreement that could not be settled with words. These days, a 1911 is also a great option for hikers and hunters who might have to defend themselves against predators in the world but might not have time to reach for their long guns. The .45 is still a viable defensive round in 2022.
Additionally, the 1911 has evolved over the years. You can still get recreations of the models first issued in WW1. Well, you can also get the guns actually issued in WWI, but good luck getting a collector to part with one of them if you tell him you’re going to concealed carry it. Nowadays, you can also get models in 9mm, some that carry more ammunition in the magazine, choose a barrel length, and get better sights. All of these updates make it possible to find or build a 1911 to suit your needs, which makes us love the platform.
Of course, we also love the history behind the gun on this one. Knowing that the same design helped American servicemen make it home from Germany, Japan, Germany again, Korea, Vietnam, Somalia, and a host of other locales makes this firearm a truly iconic part of the American firearms culture. Movies and video games over the last half-century have only added this mystique. It’s still hard to beat the feeling of historical gravity that you get when holding an actual WWI or WWII era 1911, and if you ever get the chance, do it.
Types of 1911
Since John Moses Browning apparently had some kind of inspiration by whom/whatever made the universe, the design of the 1911 has remained effectively unchanged in the last century, except nowadays some come without the grip safety. Thus, it’s easiest to classify 1911s by caliber rather than by any other set of features.
Of course, the original .45ACP variant is still the most common. These are the ones that are likely going to be the most affordable as well. They come in all kinds of styles, from short concealed carry models to full-size race guns with teal frames and pearl slides (we’re so sorry, Mr. Browning).
In later years, some people modified the design slightly to accept 9mm and, in some cases, even double-stack magazines.
These are sometimes called 2011s to indicate the update in design and caliber. Like the originals, these come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and colors though we quite like some of the more tactical competition models for this since the heavy frame makes the recoil of the 9mm a lot easier to deal with when shooting for speed. By the time you add a red dot sight and compensator it might not look like it, but the fundamental guts of the gun are basically the same as they were made in 1911.
Finally, some folks thought that .45ACP just didn’t make big enough holes in intended targets, and thus some 1911 models can be found in 10mm.
This slightly more powerful cartridge is ideal for folks who might need to defend themselves from bears, so you’ll find a lot higher concentration of these in places like Alaska and Washington State.
Of course, the recoil on these can be tremendous, so we recommend wearing gloves and extra ear protection if you get to shoot one of these.
Who Uses the 1911?
At this point, it’s likely that civilians are the largest group of people who still make use of the 1911.
While most mainstream militaries have moved on from the design, it still holds a place dear to the hearts of a lot of American shooters. These guns are used not only as range toys but as concealed carry and competition guns as well.
New models and variations on models can be bought today, and a lot of folks still depend on the 1911 or one of its derivates for their protection, including one of our writers.
Some law enforcement folks, especially those who are older and have a lot more experience with the 1911 as their duty gun, still carry one today.
This is a lot more common in small towns and rural police departments that tend to allow officers to bring their own weapons. For those who are used to them, 1911s are awesome pistols that are accurate, durable, and easy to use.
Plus, there’s no good reason to throw out years of training and experience in the cases where veteran officers have strong preferences for a certain platform, so expect to see some police officers still using the 1911.
A few special forces units, including, notably, the Marine’s MARSOC unit, use the 1911 for a few reasons.
First, they like them and few people are foolish enough to argue with Marines trained in asymmetrical warfare. Second, the .45 ACP can be easily made subsonic, making the 1911 a good suppressor host.
Finally, that same round is also excellent for engaging soft targets at close distance, making it a great weapon for work the government will later disavow. All in all- the 1911 still has some useful life left, and it will likely see combat use for years to come.
No handgun design is perfect, of course. First and foremost, the thing that ages the 1911 the most has to be its capacity.
The original gun could only hold a total of 9 rounds, including one in the chamber. As a replacement for a revolver that would commonly be carried with 5 rounds, this is a massive improvement. But, in 2022 where it’s possible to get 30-round magazines for a Glock and still be at the same weight as a 1911, the capacity is not working in the favor of the older design here.
Second, the 1911, though reliable, has its quirks in design. For example, a lot of the feed ramps are just slightly too short, and thus do not play nice with the tips of hollow-point rounds.
One of our writers carries a Sig P238, which is an updated 1911 design, and that gun just will not feed any kind of hollow points. With a 1911 more than other designs, you have to be on the lookout for things like ammunition sensitivity to ensure reliability. With a little bit of homework, this can be resolved, but it is certainly a limitation to think about.
Finally, some people do not like the idea of carrying a firearm as the 1911 is intended: cocked, with a loaded chamber, and the manual safety on.
Today, most people are more comfortable with the Glock style of safety, which depends on the trigger. A lot of this has to do with early training and experience. Some people learn on the 1911 and never trusted the Glock. Others do the opposite.
We’re okay with both, but training on the gun that you intended to use or carry is the most important thing here. Also, some older types of 1911 have safety in the grip that some shooters have a hard time engaging on command.
Price Ranges for the 1911
Since the 1911 has reached the status of being something of a cultural icon, they end up on the more expensive side of handguns.
At around $500, you can get new models that are basically recreations of the models once issued in large quantities to the US military.
Expect some models without a beavertail safety or fiber optic front sight, but these will have basic sights and triggers, as well as a parkerized finish that’s a matte grey. These can be great guns, too, so don’t shy away from lower prices.
At the $1000 mark, you can expect some of the nicer fit and finish models from places like Colt, with your choice in barrel length and caliber.
You will also likely find a lot of models in this price range with some kind of upgrades to the sights, trigger, and safeties, and many consider this to be the ideal price range for off-the-shelf 1911s.
Be warned, though, some brands make a lot of money on their names but less so on quality firearms, so make sure to do your research before buying.
For $2000 or so, you’ll be buying competition-ready guns and the nicest models that manufacturers have on offer.
Nothing will be stock to the 1911 about these guns: expect custom barrels that might well be threaded for a compensator that will come with it. Special slides with optics cuts are also common here, as are awesome triggers and flared magazine wells.
You will also see heirloom quality pieces made out of premium materials at this price range, and we don’t expect to see many many guns like this except at competitions.
For $3000 or more, most people take a $1000 gun and send it to one of a few custom shops who will make whatever you want. If you want a 2011 that shoots 9mm from double stack magazines, though a fluted barrel that has a compensator so good the muzzle doesn’t climb, this is the way to go.
You can also have some people fuse together two 1911s into a gun that shoots 2 .45ACP rounds at once.
Since the platform has been around for so long, there is no shortage of gunsmiths willing to part you from your money and mess with the 1911 to your heart’s content.
Ultimately, each of the above 1911 pistols are great choices overall, especially when you consider the breath of options in with this handgun. The best overall choice is dependant upon the price point, versatility, features, and overall use case you’re shopping to fulfill, and we hope this guide makes it easy to find a great fit for your needs. Good luck!
- NRA National Firearms Museum, The 1907 Army Pistol Trials, December 22, 2016
- National Park Service, Museum Collections, Semi-Automatic Pistol
- Huntinglife.com, Taurus Shooting Team Captain Jessie Harrison Wins at USPSA, August 9, 2020
- Scott Engen, History of the 1911, January 24, 2011
The Latest handgun Reviews:
HK’s VP9 pistol is one of the most popular full-sized firearms on the market today, but is everything peachy keen after 6,000 rounds? We break down our long-term VP9 experience.
With a magazine capacity that dwarfs everything in its class, a flat-faced trigger, an integrated compensator, and unmatched modularity, Sig's P365 XMacro may not be a total "game changer" but is sure to reset how the game is played.
The Glock 19 is the most popular carry handgun in America, but is it really all that it's cracked up to be, or has it just become the "default” choice?
The Glock 17 was Glock's first pistol, and the brainchild that set Glock's striker pistol dominance in motion, but is a G17 right for you?
Undoubtedly one of the most popular handguns ever made, the Beretta 92 has been around for a solid half-century and has no signs of going away any time soon. How do you pick a good one that does everything you want?
Buckle up, we’ll walk you through it.